What To Know About Periodontal Disease And How To Prevent It
Do your gums bleed? Do you experience inflammation? Do you suffer from foul breathe, even after brushing?
Periodontal disease refers to various levels of severity of infection in the gum tissues. Some of these issues include plaque, gingivitis, gum infection, gum inflammation and many others.
According to WebMD, gingivitis is inflammation of the gums and a precursor of periodontal disease. It’s also a signal that additional care is necessary to prevent it from becoming worse. Gingivitis is relatively easy to treat. If you control it quickly, you can avoid serious periodontal disease that may require more invasive procedures.
Periodontitis is an inflammatory gum disease that generally affects the tissues supporting the teeth. We’re not trying to scare anybody, but being aware of what causes gum inflammation and subsequent gum diseases can save some trouble down the line.
Diligent oral care is equally important for the health of both gums and teeth. Inflamed or infected gum tissue can occur, and if left untreated, it can eventually cause damage to the underlying jawbone that supports the teeth. Teeth are left vulnerable and can become loose. What started as a minor inflammation can end with tooth loss.
So, let us know about some of the periodontal diseases:
It is often considered as one of the earliest stage of gum disease and is noticeable via inflammation of the gums. Generally, in gingivitis gums swell up and appear reddish and sometimes it even bleeds while brushing. However, at this stage, the gum disease could be prevented from further increasing.
It is the second stage of gum disease wherein the teeth supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which increases penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. When you reach this stage, it is important that you start taking your oral hygiene seriously and go for one or two periodontal therapy so that further damage can be prevented to the gum tissue and teeth supporting bones.
Since, it is advanced periodontitis, it is the more advanced stage of gum disease. At this stage the fibers and supporting bones of your teeth are getting destroyed and your teeth are starting to loosen. This affects your entire oral system. Aggressive periodontal therapy needs to be done and teeth might need to be removed by the dentist. Dentist will provide restorative options if teeth are removed due to periodontal disease.
Now that you know, why your gum bleeds and why does your particular tooth pains, know how to treat it on time without damaging your teeth any further.
Since, gingivitis is the earliest stage, it can be treated easily. You can simply get your teeth cleaned by the professional dentist more often. Generally, cleaning your teeth every 3 to 4 months would help your get rid of the problem. However, if your periodontal disease is in second stage, a little more complex treatment would be involved. You can go for:
Root planning and Scaling:
Root planning and scaling involves deep cleaning of your teeth and gums that removes plaque (the major cause of periodontal diseases) and tartar under the gum line. Don’t worry about the pain, local injection would ease out the pain.
Hope you don’t reach this level but if you have advanced periodontitis, gum surgery can be done to repair damage caused by infection. Gingivectomy is done to remove infected tissue, a flap procedure to clean the gumline to remove bacterial infection and scale the tooth roots in case of periodontal pockets larger than 5 mm, and gum grafting can be done for the recessed tissue.
It is the reversal process used to reverse the bone and tissue damage. In this, infection in your gums is removed by the dentist by opening the affected area. He will then place a bone graft, membranes (filters) or tissue-stimulating proteins that will encourage the bone and tissue to regenerate.
The worse your gum disease becomes, the more invasive the treatment is likely to be. To avoid surgery, practice prevention.
How to prevent periodontal diseases?
Brush your teeth:
Well, brushing is the most basic thing that you can do to prevent gum diseases, but people are more prone to gum diseases even after regular brushing. So, brush after every meal to remove plaque that gets trapped between your teeth and gums. Don’t forget to include your tongue, bacteria loves to hide there.
Flossing vs gingivitis:
Never run out of floss in your bathroom. Even if you brush twice, always say yes to floss. Regular flossing certainly reduces the signs of gingivitis when coupled with regular brushing. Flossing is magical for bleeding gums as well. Floss at least once a day as well; gums can sometimes stop bleeding with regular flossing.
Swish with mouthwash:
Use mouthwash to rinse your mouth after brushing even. Mouthwash helps keep your breath fresh and reduce episodes of plaque in your gums. Mouthwash removes food particles that brushing and flossing could miss.
Frequent visit to periodontist:
If not every month, an annual meeting with a good periodontist could help you evaluate your dental health. A Comprehensive Periodontal Evaluation looks at your teeth, plaque level, gums, bite, bone structure and other risk factors for periodontal disease. Identifying symptoms of gum disease early is a key to protecting your teeth and gums.
if you are smoker, you are susceptible to get periodontal disease more easily than a person who does not smoke. Drinking and unhealthy diets also add to the gum disease woes. Always consult a periodontist before infection in your teeth increases with time. So, know your risk and other factors that add to it.
Well, we hope you don’t have to consult periodontics any time soon and our preventive tips are taken seriously before you have to fine cure.